A woman blinded by her boyfriend when he gouged her eyes has a new year's message for domestic abuse victims: "Get out now!"
Tina Nash was brutally attacked by boyfriend Shane Jenkin at their home in Hayle, Cornwall, in April 2011.
He was sentenced to life in a secure mental health unit in May this year.
But mother-of-two Tina, 31, said she was not aware she was a victim of domestic abuse until she was out of the relationship.
She said: "It was so hard because I didn't understand domestic violence until it happened to me.
"It was only when I was out of the relationship that I realised I was a victim.
"My advice to others who are being abused is get out before it's too late."
Jenkin's final assault was the latest in a series, starting eight months after the couple got together in 2009.
Tina admitted she had blamed herself for the violence and warned other victims not to do the same.
She said: "I left him numerous times after the assaults but came back.
"You do blame yourself.
"You think you pushed them to that, you think: 'Perhaps I didn't say that right' or, 'Is it something I've done? Could I change?'"
Jenkin, 33, imprisoned Tina for 12 hours after the 2011 attack, which also left her jaw fractured and her nose broken.
He admitted inflicting grievous bodily harm and was given a life sentence with a minimum term of six years.
The trial judge said the attack was one of "extreme violence with catastrophic consequences".
The first assault was eight months into the relationship.
Tina was in bed and tried to shield herself with a duvet, but Jenkin jumped on her and stuck his thumbs in her eyes.
She has now written a book to help others in the same position realise what danger they could be in, and to highlight that help was available.
Tina said that, since the attack, she had been working hard to get on with her life.
She said: "I believe that I'm a lot further on than I expected to be.
"I thought it would take five to seven years to get over this but, considering where I am now, I'm doing okay.
"I'm just like I was before, apart from I can't cook. I do miss that."