Eight men have been cleared of murdering three friends who were mowed down by a car at the height of last summer's riots.
Despite the jury's findings, the father of one of the victims appealed for calm and a united community outside the court.
Haroon Jahan, Shazad Ali and Abdul Musavir were protecting local businesses when they were killed in an incident involving three cars in Winson Green, Birmingham.
But Ryan Goodwin, Shaun Flynn, Juan Ruiz-Gaviria, Joshua Donald, Everton Graham, Adam King, Ian Beckford and Aaron Parkins were cleared of three counts of murder each by a jury at Birmingham Crown Court.
Speaking on behalf of both families outside after the verdict, Tariq Jahan, Harron's father said: 'I would like to appeal for peace and calm in our community in light of today's verdicts.
'The families do not wish to make any comment regarding the court case at this time and would ask the media to respect their privacy'
The prosecution had alleged that all eight defendants were party to a plan to drive a vehicle at a crowd of people in Dudley Road, Winson Green, in the early hours of August 10. It was alleged that a Ford Fiesta and an Audi car were used to lure pedestrians into the road, where they were hit by a Mazda.
But the defendants denied the existence of any plan to harm pedestrians and the driver of the Mazda, 30-year-old Ian Beckford, denied deliberately driving into the victims.
Beckford, of Quinton, Birmingham, told the trial he was good friends with siblings Mr Musavir, 31, and Mr Ali, 30, and had not intended to knock down, kill or seriously harm any member of the crowd
Mr Jahan had made a similar appeal for calm hours after the deaths of the three men. His call for calm last summer won widespread admiration and was credited with helping avoid further violence in the city.